About Moderator

I was born and grew up in Dallas, Texas. I am one of seven children with four brothers and two sisters. I have many aunts, uncles, cousins, nieces, nephews, and other family members. In my circle of friends, unfortunately sexual assault and domestic violence has been brought to my attention. I am very serious about helping as many people as possible create peace, freedom, stability and an abuse free life. It is an honor to do this work and help improve the lives of children and their entire family. My family and friends are very important to me and so are you even though perhaps we have not met in person. I sincerely hope information on this Web site is helpful to you and your loved ones.

Executive Report 2014 –

Executive Report 2014 –

Our Executive Report 2014 includes but is not limited to evidence to support we are the first and original Hope for Children Foundation in the United States. https://www.hopeforchildrenfoundation.org

We were authorized and approved as a non profit charity 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, by the United States Department of Treasury Internal Revenue Service in December of 1998, with our Employer Identification Number 75-2756638. I personally conducted a search in 1997 and 1998 and no other entity in the United States was using the name we selected for our organization, Hope for Children Foundation. In fact, during our search world wide, we could not find anyone nor any entity using the name, Hope for Children Foundation during our search in 1997 and 1998.

sisters_playing_loving_running_free_field_grass_summer_holding_hands

More and more children are being protected and loved.

The Naming of This Organization

Hope for Children Foundation was an original idea by Patricia L Hope Kirby, Co-Founder and Executive Director of this non-profit organization. Other entities who are using our name, Hope for Children Foundation, do not have our permission. Other entities have been requested to stop using our name, Hope for Children Foundation. We are the first and original user of the name, Hope for Children Foundation.

Trademark

We are in the process of seeking a Trademark of our name, Hope for Children Foundation, and we should be authorized by the United States Patent and Trademark Office for the Trademark, Hope for Children Foundation in the near future. We received our Certificate of Incorporation of Hope for Children Foundation, Charter Number 01484910 on April 2, 1998 from The State of Texas Secretary of State and have been in operation since that time in the United States. We have all of the documents to legally prove our existence. Clearly, we want the general public to know, Hope for Children Foundation does not authorize anyone else nor any other entity to use our name. Other entities are using our name without our permission. Hope for Children Foundation will be publishing our legal documents online to prove this assertion.

https://www.hopeforchildrenfoundation.org

Summary

Thank you very much for your support throughout the year. We provided “face to face” information to people concerning services offered by Hope for Children Foundation. In addition, we referred them to our Web site Training videos and other resources available to the general public with a special focus on helping victims of sexual assault or domestic violence; and also to perpetrators of crimes of sexual assault and domestic violence. An estimated 75,152 were provided information about services provided by Hope for Children Foundation in 2014, from January 1, through December 31, 2014. (The information for the month of December was not available at the time of this report.

2014 ANNUAL UPDATE:

• 1st Quarter 2014 Update

Educational initiatives were scheduled for 1st, 2nd, 3rd & 4th quarters. About 15,598 persons were educated face to face, described above in first paragraph. This does not include those trained solely via the Internet search. About 50 + Volunteers were available.

2nd Quarter 2014 Update

About 22,594 people were educated face to face, described above in first paragraph. This does not include those trained solely via the Internet search. About 50+ Volunteers were available throughout Texas to assist our mission. Educational initiatives were scheduled for 2nd, 3rd & 4th quarters.

• 3rd Quarter 2014 Update

About 20,539 people were educated face to face, described above in first paragraph. This does not include those trained solely via the Internet search. About 50 + Volunteers were available throughout Texas to assist our mission.

4th Quarter 2014 Update through end of November 31, 2014

About 16,421 people were educated via face to face, described above in first paragraph. This does not include those trained solely via the Internet search. About 50 + Volunteers were available throughout Texas to assist our mission.

https://www.hopeforchildrenfoundation.org

In – House Recommendations –

In – House Recommendations – 

In – House Recommendations to reduce violent crime against children and adults might literally require an act of the U.S. Congress and/or a constitutional  amendment, but we firmly believe our nation’s children are worth it! According to the U. S. Department of Human Services, about 5.8 million children are reported abused each year. Please unite with Hope for Children Foundation to protect our most vulnerable treasures!

kids_corn_field_acting_loving_each_other_summer_breeze_good_weather_

Our most vulnerable treasures!

National Academic Curriculum.

All children and adults deserve to feel confident to better protect themselves from abuse throughout their lives. Our recommendations to reduce violent crime are as follows: We  recommend the integration of training focused on prevention of abuse into the national academic curriculum.  While the specific details of the curriculum’s implementation will need to be worked out with various stake holders, teachers, parents, legal authorities, we suggest thirty minute daily classes from kindergarten through university level students to impact the decrease of violent crime.

Curriculum

We would also offer similar criteria curriculum to adults. These classes would address:

1. Building character, including respect for self and others;

2. Signs and symptoms of sexual assault/domestic violence and what to do if you suspect someone being abused;

3. Children – using proven age appropriate developed curricula in school through university level.

4. Adults – similar curricula offered to businesses, churches and interested community entities.

 Course objectives

  • Build Character;
  • Instill respect for self, friends, family, teachers, coworkers, neighbors and the general public;
  • Equip students to recognize and respond to signs and symptoms of sexual assault and domestic violence;
  • Educate students about how to recognize, prevent and respond to substance abuse;
  • Teach students about healing and recovery from abuse;
  • Teach citizens of all ages how to respond to acts of sexual assault and domestic violence;
  • Empower children as well as adults to make educated and informed decisions.

Hope for Children Foundation

https://www.hopeforchildrenfoundation.org

Some Programs Making a Positive Impact

on Americans are reference on CDC’s

Web site:  http://www.cdc.gov/ViolencePrevention/childmaltreatment/

How Can You Help Children –

How Can You Help Children – 

Dear Friends,

How can you help children? We want you to think about this in a most concerning way. We are grateful to the many individuals and companies who support the mission of Hope for Children Foundation. It’s a privilege to do this work, and we are grateful to the dedicated people whose efforts and talents make our programs possible. You have made a difference in the lives of so many individuals served by our agency. Our programs continue meeting challenges, maintaining steadfast determination and showing compassion for the plight of many individuals and families affected by sexual assault and domestic violence; tragedies of staggering proportions.

kid-706026__180

Families Devestated

Unfortunately countless families have been, and continue to be, devastated by the ravages of sexual assault and domestic violence not only in Texas but across the nation and globally. Yet, there is reason to be hopeful. More people are consistently standing up to say, “Sexual assault, domestic violence and battering is not right, it is not acceptable, and it is not a private family matter.” Many state and federal law enforcement officers, legislators, judges, and prosecutors give official voice to society’s disapproval. In addition, many social workers, teachers, medical professionals, mental health experts and others also condemn the once secret abuse that has inflicted irreparable damage in so many families.

A Systemic Epidemic

The numerous negative health outcomes and the number of people affected by abuse demonstrate that we are dealing with an epidemic. Public health is about promoting health and curbing the ill effects of individual and social behavior which can lead to a wider poor health outcome among communities. We must recognize sexual abuse and domestic violence are preventable public health problems. Sexual assault and domestic violence affects the victim, the abuser, the family and the community surrounding them. These are not isolated incidents; they have a physical, emotional and systemic ripple effect. Like stones dropped in water, these violent abuses spread multiple ills through the community from the epicenter of the affected children, parents, intimate partners and others.

Our Family is Worth It

Together we must be involved in stopping abuse for the sake of our families and communities. Individuals must be empowered within families, churches, schools, towns, community centers, and businesses to make effective changes. Since abuse is perpetuated by inaction, please join us and together we can enhance better public health and protection for our children and adults. As we continue our work creating positive responses to strength­en survivors of these crimes, we count on your continued support.

We are Asking You

How can you help children? We encourage you to read about the services performed by Hope for Children Foundation and view our online video training, click on Training after accessing our Web site https://www.hopeforchildrenfoundation.org located in Dallas, Texas, not affiliated with any other entity wrongfully using our name, Hope for Children Foundation. Please feel free to share our Web site with your family, friends and colleagues. Education is powerful and Hope for Children Foundation provides so much information intended to empower individuals within communities, enabling better protection for children and adults.

Thank you for your concern about children and adults.

Sincerely,

Patricia L. Hope Kirby, Executive Director

And the Board of Directors of Hope for Children Foundation

“Stranger Danger” the Sad Truth –

“Stranger Danger” the Sad Truth – 

Children are More Likely to be Victimized by Family Members or Acquaintances!

Although we warn our children of “stranger danger” the sad truth is children are more likely to be victimized by family members or acquaintances than they are by strangers.

lots_kids_playing_swinging_swing_low_high_birds_sky_blue

Really know the adults you allow to be alone or with your children.

Psychological Effects

The child victim may experience significant psychological effects of such crime including depression, anxiety, insomnia, nightmares, eating disorders, phobias, dissociation, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder, as well as psychosomatic symptoms such as headaches and gastrointestinal pain.

Frightened Children

Frequently, children who are abused are not identified as victims during childhood. Children may be too frightened to report their abuse, particularly if the perpetrator is a family member. The child may have been silenced, either with threats of violence or by appealing to the child’s loyalty or affection.

Personal Boundaries

The experience of victimization is frequently amplified by the sense of betrayal that accompanies it, particularly when the perpetrator is a family member or other trusted adult. The child grows to adulthood with confused ideas regarding personal boundaries and what constitutes a healthy relationship. Because of a history of abuse, many individuals are vulnerable to re-victimization. They may lack the capacity to distinguish safe from unsafe persons, environments, and situations. Their vulnerability may actually attract predators.

Child Sexual Abuse Statistics

The prevalence of child sexual abuse is difficult to determine because it is often not reported; experts agree that the incidence is far greater than what is reported to authorities. CSA is also not uniformly defined, so statistics may vary. Statistics below represent some of the research done on child sexual abuse.

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Children’s Bureau report Child Maltreatment 2010 found that 9.2% of victimized children were sexually assaulted (page 24).

Studies by David Finkelhor, Director of the Crimes Against Children Research Center, show that:

  • 1 in 5 girls and 1 in 20 boys is a victim of child sexual abuse;
  • Self-report studies show that 20% of adult females and 5-10% of adult males recall a childhood sexual assault or sexual abuse incident;
  • During a one-year period in the U.S., 16% of youth ages 14 to 17 had been sexually victimized;
  • Over the course of their lifetime, 28% of U.S. youth ages 14 to 17 had been sexually victimized;
  • Children are most vulnerable to CSA between the ages of 7 and 13.
According To:

2003 National Institute of Justice report, 3 out of 4 adolescents who have been sexually assaulted were victimized by someone they knew well (page 5).

A Bureau of Justice Statistics report shows 1.6 % (sixteen out of one thousand) of children between the ages of 12-17 were victims of rape/sexual assault (page 18).

A study conducted in 1986 found that 63% of women who had suffered sexual abuse by a family member also reported a rape or attempted rape after the age of 14. Recent studies in 2000, 2002, and 2005 have all concluded similar results.

Children who had an experience of rape or attempted rape in their adolescent years were 13.7 times more likely to experience rape or attempted rape in their first year of college.

A child who is the victim of prolonged sexual abuse usually develops low self-esteem, a feeling of worthlessness and an abnormal or distorted view of sex. The child may become withdrawn and mistrustful of adults, and can become suicidal.

Children who do not live with both parents as well as children living in homes marked by parental discord, divorce, or domestic violence, have a higher risk of being sexually abused.

In the vast majority of cases where there is credible evidence that a child has been penetrated, only between 5 and 15% of those children will have genital injuries consistent with sexual abuse.

Child sexual abuse is not solely restricted to physical contact; such abuse could include non-contact abuse, such as exposure, voyeurism, and child pornography (page 1).

Compared to those with no history of sexual abuse, young males who were sexually abused were five times more likely to cause teen pregnancy, three times more likely to have multiple sexual partners and two times more likely to have unprotected sex, according to the study published online and in the June print issue of the Journal of Adolescent Health.

Made available through the Web site of  https://www.hopeforchildrenfoundation.org

FBI National Statistics 97% Percent –

FBI National Statistics 97% Percent – 

of abused children, reported to legal system, are not protected!

Example using DALLAS COUNTY CHILD ABUSE/NEGLECT SUMMARY

Governmental agencies charged with protecting our most innocent and valuable children are failing them at shocking rates. This information Example using DALLAS COUNTY CHILD ABUSE/NEGLECT SUMMARY is not provided as an attack upon the Dallas District Attorney’s Office but to rally support from the general public to elevate the Dallas District Attorney’s Office in every way possible. Donate your resources and support your local District Attorney’s Office, Crimes Against Children Division. Many obstacles exist when prosecuting child abusers, pedophiles and others who commit violent crimes against children, preventing victim protection by the legal system. Please get more involved to completely understand the issues preventing child victims from being protected.

fbi_america_child_abuse_statistics

The FBI collects child abuse statistics and information on a national basis and reports its findings from time to time.

Level the Charge!

Unfortunately for children, the research facts are accurate. We intend to level the charge by giving you the facts, hoping you will help cause significant changes, to better protect our precious children.

2005 Facts Compiled from the Dallas County District Attorney’s Office Child Abuse Division

Year 2005           

Dallas District Attorney’s Office filed/ indicted about 633 reported child abuse offenders.

About 576 cases were disposed of; (59 were dismissed for various reasons, 18 of these were victim related such as the victim recanting, couldn’t be found, etc… 415 were “plea bargain” without a trial – receiving anywhere from a misdemeanor against them to life in prison.) The Dallas District Attorney’s Office did not have the details of each plea bargain to release. 87 jury trials resulted with dispositions and sentencing. The Dallas district Attorney’s Office rated their jury trial convictions with 87% percent success, meaning they convicted about 76 child abuse perpetrators.

Do the math!

Calculate the number of reported cases below – from data gathered by The Texas Department of Family and Protective Services, with the successful prosecutions above, along with the “plea bargain” cases. These statistics are part of the FBI’s national statistics. An average of 97% percent of abused children, reported to legal system, are not protected!

The Texas Department of Family and Protective Services stated 20,479 initial intake reports were made alleging abuse/neglect of children in Dallas County (only), Texas in 2005. Of the cases reported, 5,116 child abuse/neglect victims were confirmed by the Dallas County Child Protective Services (CPS).

659,361           Total child population in Dallas County in 2005                 

  20,479           Dallas County CPS actual intake reports    2005 

  19,068           Total child abuse reports assigned for investigation in Dallas County (CPS) 2005

  12,304           Total Dallas County (CPS) investigations that were completed 2005

    3,329           Total case investigations confirmed by Dallas County (CPS) (involving 5,116 children) 2005

Made available through the Web site of

Hope for Children Foundation

https://www.hopeforchildrenfoundation.org

Backlash Preparedness –

Backlash Preparedness –

The law is written to protect children and adults but sometimes the “law” fails to protect them. Abuse provokes a variety of responses in different people. Some are instinctively protective of victims while others feel skeptical or want to distance themselves from victims perhaps because of their own shame, self -interests or past experiences.

failure_legal_system_protect_child_abuse

A victim can never be too prepared for the backlash the system can unleash. This is secondary victimization, which can multiply itself.

Consequences

Consequently, anyone who reports abuse should prepare for the possible backlash of the legal system. Difficult as it is to believe, children are sometimes returned to the abuser due to ignorance, bias or corruption. We encourage reporting of abuse in every instance and the law requires it in a number of circumstances. But, a complainant that reports abuse should be prepared to relentlessly pursue justice despite any setbacks encountered and in full knowledge the road ahead maybe long, painful, difficult, frustrating, expensive and even destructive. The FBI reported approximately 97% of abused children reported to the legal system are not protected by the legal system. This is a national estimate stretching across the United States of America.

Multiple Actions

The complainant could be the victim of multiple actions of wrong doing by the offender and its accomplices to deter the complainant from seeking justice. The process of protecting a victim can be nothing less than heartbreaking when the system fails a victim, despite extreme emotional investment. There are complications that terribly frustrate those in these trenches.

Emotional Torture

Therefore, victims and their protectors must be prepared for the emotional torture that could be experienced should the system fail to protect the victim. We refer to this process as Backlash Preparedness. Do all you can to keep your balance in life by eating healthy foods, exercise, spend time with those you love and those who love you. Do things you once did before the victimization when you were happier. Example: If listening to music made you happy, then listen to the music you find of interest.

Hope for Children Foundation

Made available through the Web site of  https://www.hopeforchildrenfoundation.org

Victims of Criminal Acts –

Victims of Criminal Acts –

Individuals who have been Victimized in Childhood are Particularly Vulnerable

Children and adults who are the victims of criminal acts frequently suffer from chronic psychological symptoms as a result of their experiences.

two kids_girl_boy_cold_creek

I remember when we had fun. Life just isn’t much fun anymore.

Individuals who have been victimized in childhood are particularly vulnerable to severe, chronic and sometimes debilitating psychological symptoms that interfere with their ability to function in various areas of their lives.

Isolation:

Isolation is common but can be destructive in one’s life. To avoid additional conflict, one may simply withdraw; the reluctance to socialize outside his/her profession contributes to isolation. Coupled with violence against a child or an intimate partner, the isolation encouraged by some serves to promote abuse within families by keeping the problem “in the closet.” Victims learn the coping mechanisms of denial, minimization, and suppression of feelings. In order to function in crises or emotionally overwhelming situations, they will embrace feelings of fear, anger, rage, and revulsion ultimately controlling their emotions, often denying the very existence of any failure at all.

From Victim to Survivor

Surviving Abuse!  As soon as it is physically and emotionally possible, it is very important that a victim reach out to others who are hurting and offer help. If it is too difficult to help those victims that deal with similar circumstances, then seek out some way of helping others through a hospital, church or organization where needs can be met. It is only right to help others when we can. Victims who choose to help others have often found their own healing process progressing more quickly. Victims should remove themselves from isolation as soon as possible.

Taking up a new hobby, such as artwork, painting, playing an instrument, learning to sing, playing a sport, or even learning how to play an online game can be helpful toward healing and healthy mental health.

Hope for Children Foundation

Published through Web site:  https://www.hopeforchildrenfoundation.org

Texas Family Violence –

Texas Family Violence – 

Texas Family Violence – Uniform Crime Report for 2010

We do not have access to the 2011 figures to date.

Victim/offender Relationships

The largest percentage of Texas Family Violence Reported was between other family members. The second most commonly reported relationship among offenders and victims was married spouses and the third most common relationship was common law spouses.

map_texas_cities_boundaries_color_highways

These are the hard, sad, true facts about living in Texas.

Family Violence 2010

Number of Incidents 193,505

Number of Victims 211,769

Number of Offenders 207,474

Officer assaults

A serious problem inherent to police intervention and investigation of family  violence incidents is the potential for law officers to be assaulted. In 2010, during the course of responding to family violence incidents, 358 Texas law officers were assaulted. By contrast, listed 4,424 assaults on law officers during all types of police activity.

Sexual assault in Texas Reported:

Uniform Crime Report for 2010

In response to a growing concern about Sexual Assault incidents, the 80th Texas Legislative Session passed HB 76. The Bill requires the Texas DPS to establish guidelines and collect, as part of the UCR Program, data about incidents that contain specific sexual assault offenses. Sexual Assault crime data collection was required to begin in calendar year 2008.

Special consideration had to be taken to disseminate the data collection guidelines for Sexual Assault reporting due to the nature of the difference between UCR offense definitions and Texas penal code definitions. In the Texas UCR program, rape is the only offense collected under the crime index, and that limits the reporting to that of only female victims with male offenders. Because there is greater variance in the offenses collected in the compilation of Sexual Assault data, this data collection should in no way be compared to the statistics maintained in the UCR Program.

Volume

The total number of Texas Sexual Assault incidents in 2010 was 19,007. These incidents involved 20,131 victims and 20,379 offenders.

Offenders

In 2010, 20,379 offenders were involved in incidents of sexual assault. Of the offenders whose sex was known, 96 percent were male and 4 percent were female. The age group showing the highest number of offenders was the 15-to-19 year old bracket.

published by: https://www.hopeforchildrenfoundation.org

National Intimate Partner –

National Intimate Partner – and Sexual Violence Survey

2010 Summary Report

Executive Summary November 2011

National Center for Injury Prevention and Control Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

flag_united_states_america_breeze_waving

This report is very important.

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Sexual violence, stalking, and intimate partner violence are major public health problems in the United States. Many survivors of these forms of violence can experience physical injury, mental health consequences such as depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, and suicide attempts, and other health consequences such as gastrointestinal disorders, substance abuse, sexually trans­mitted diseases, and gynecological or pregnancy complications. These consequences can lead to hospital­ization, disability, or death.

Our understanding of these forms of violence has grown substantially over the years. However, timely, ongoing, and comparable national and state-level data are lacking. Less is also known about how these forms of violence impact specific populations in the United States or the extent to which rape, stalking, or violence by a romantic or sexual partner are experienced in childhood and adolescence.

CDC’s National Center for Injury Prevention and Control launched the National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey in 2010 with the support of the National Institute of Justice and the Department of Defense to address these gaps.

The primary objectives of the National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey describe:

The prevalence and characteristics of sexual violence, stalking, and intimate partner violence;

Who is most likely to experience these forms of violence;

The patterns and impact of the violence experienced by specific perpetrators;

The health consequences of these forms of violence.

This report presents information related to several types of violence that have not previously been measured in a national population-based survey, including types of sexual violence other than rape; expressive psychological aggression and coercive control, and control of reproductive or sexual health. This report also provides the first ever simultaneous national and state-level prevalence estimates of violence for all states.

Health Consequences

Men and women who experienced rape or stalking by any perpetrator or physical violence by an intimate partner in their lifetime were more likely to report frequent headaches, chronic pain, difficulty with sleeping, activity limitations, poor physical health and poor mental health than men and women who did not experience these forms of violence. Women who had experienced these forms of violence were also more likely to report having asthma, irritable bowel syndrome, and diabetes than women who did not experience these forms of violence.

Implications for Prevention

The findings in this report under­score the heavy toll that sexual violence, stalking, and intimate partner violence places on women, men, and children in the United States. Violence often begins at an early age and commonly leads to negative health consequences across the lifespan. Collective action is needed to implement prevention approaches, ensure appropriate responses, and support these efforts based on strong data and research.

Prevention Efforts

Prevention efforts should start early by promoting healthy, respectful relationships in families by fostering healthy parent-child relation­ships and developing positive family dynamics and emotionally supportive environments. These environments provide a strong foun­dation for children, help them to adopt positive interactions based on respect and trust, and foster effective and non-violent communication and conflict resolution in their peer and dating relationships. It is equally important to continue addressing the beliefs, attitudes and messages that are deeply embedded in our social structures and that create a climate that condones sexual violence, stalking, and intimate partner violence. For example, this can be done through norms change, changing policies and enforcing existing policies against violence, and promoting bystander approaches to prevent violence before it happens.

In addition to prevention efforts, survivors of sexual violence, stalking, and intimate partner violence need coordinated services to ensure healing and prevent recurrence of victimization. The healthcare system’s response must be strength­ened and better coordinated for both sexual violence and intimate partner violence survivors to help navigate the health care system and access needed services and resources in the short and long term. One way to strengthen the response to survivors is through increased training of healthcare professionals. It is also critically important to ensure that legal, housing, mental health, and other services and resources are available and acces­sible to survivors.

Holding Perpetrators Accountable

An important part of any response to sexual violence, stalking, and intimate partner violence is to hold perpetrators accountable. Survivors may be reluctant to disclose their victimization for a variety of reasons including shame, embarrassment, fear of retribution from perpetrators, or a belief that they may not receive support from law enforcement. Laws may also not be enforced adequately or consistently and perpetrators may become more dangerous after their victims report these crimes. It is important to enhance training efforts within the criminal justice system to better engage and support survivors and thus hold perpetrators accountable for their crimes.

Much progress has been made in the prevention of violence. There is strong reason to believe that the application of effective strategies combined with the capacity to implement them will make a differ­ence. The lessons already learned during public health’s short experi­ence with violence prevention are consistent with those from public health’s much longer experience with the prevention of infectious and chronic diseases. Sexual violence, stalking, and intimate partner violence can be prevented with data-driven, collaborative action.

CDC’s National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS) is an ongoing, nationally-representative telephone survey that collects detailed information on sexual violence, stalking, and intimate partner violence victimization of adult women and men in the United States. The survey collects data on past-year experiences of violence as well as lifetime experiences of violence. The 2010 survey is the first year of the survey and provides baseline data that will be used to track trends in sexual violence, stalking and intimate partner violence. CDC developed NISVS to better describe and monitor the magnitude of these forms of violence in the United States.

Highlights of 2010 Findings

Sexual violence, stalking, and intimate partner violence are widespread in the United States. The findings in this report underscore the heavy toll of this violence, the im­mediate impacts of victimization, and the lifelong health consequences.

Summary

Overall, lifetime and one year estimates for sexual violence, stalking and intimate partner violence were alarmingly high for adult Americans; with IPV alone affecting more than 12 million people each year. Women are disproportionately impacted. They experienced high rates of severe intimate partner violence, rape and stalking, and long-term chronic disease and other health impacts such as PTSD symptoms. NISVS also shows that most rape and IPV is first experienced before age 24, highlighting the importance of preventing this violence before it occurs to ensure that all people can live life to their fullest potential.

The majority of this victimization starts early in life.

• Approximately 80% of female victims experienced their first rape before the age of 25 and almost half ex­perienced the first rape before age 18 (30% between 11-17 years old and 12% at or before the age of 10).

• About 35% of women who were raped as minors were also raped as adults compared to 14% of women without an early rape history.

• 28% of male victims of rape were first raped when they were 10 years old or younger.

Provided by: National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey

1-800-CDC-INFO (232-4636) • cdcinfo@cdc.govhttp://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/nisvs/

Made available through the Web site of   https://www.hopeforchildrenfoundation.org

Signs Symptoms –

Signs Symptoms –

Signs Symptoms and Behavioral Warning Signs a Child May Have Been Sexually and or Physically Abused

Be Aware of the Physical Signs of Child Abuse and Neglect

Signs symptoms and behavioral warning signs a child may have been sexually and or physically abused, be aware of the physical signs of child abuse and neglect, changes in the child’s relationships with peers and other behavior changes. Remember that if something does not seem right to a child, it usually is not right and the situation merits getting to the root of the problem. Listen to children, believe them; they usually do not lie about child abuse. Should a child tell you certain things that would lead you to believe the child is the victim of sexual abuse, believe the child! Let the child know that they did the right thing by telling you and that you are going to try to help them. Make sure the child understands that they are not in trouble for telling the truth.

detachment_child_alone_perplexed_dark

Recognizing signs and symptoms of child abuse.

Always Respect A Child’s Privacy

Always respect the privacy of the child and only discuss the situation with those who have a need to know such as the authorities. Some of the following behavioral signs can show up at other stressful times in a child’s life such as divorce, the death of a family member, friend or pet, or when there are problems in school, as well as when abuse is involved. Any one sign doesn’t mean the child was abused, but several of them mean that you should begin asking questions.

What to Expect From preschoolers thru second grade

The following symptoms are age related to children: Preschool through Second Grade – Helplessness and passivity; sexual acting out and/or acting out acts of aggression; generalized fear; cognitive confusion (e.g., do not understand that the danger is over); difficulty identifying what is bothering them; lack of verbalization, repetitive nonverbal traumatic play, unvoiced questions; attributing magical qualities to traumatic reminders; sleep disturbances (night terrors and nightmares; fear of going to sleep; fear of being alone, especially at night); anxious attachment (clinging, not wanting to be away from parent, worrying about when parent is coming back, etc.); regressive symptoms (thumb sucking, regressive speech); anxieties related to incomplete understanding about death; fantasies of “fixing up” the dead; expectations that a dead person will return, e.g., an assailant.

Look for These Actions with Third thru Fifth Graders

Third through Fifth Grade – Preoccupation with their own actions during the event; issues of responsibility and guilt; specific fears, triggered by traumatic reminders or by being alone; retelling and replaying of the event (traumatic play); cognitive distortions and obsessive detailing; fear of being overwhelmed by their feelings (of crying, of being angry); impaired concentration and learning; sleep disturbances (bad dreams, fear of sleeping alone.); concerns about their own and others’ safety, e.g.., worry about siblings; altered and inconsistent behavior, (e.g., unusually aggressive or reckless behavior, inhibitions).

Adolescents – Sixth Grade and Up

Adolescents – Sixth Grade and Up – Detachment, shame and guilt (similar to an adult response); self-consciousness about their fears, sense of vulnerability, and other emotional responses; fear of being labeled abnormal; post-traumatic acting out e.g., drug use, delinquent behavior, sexual acting out; life threatening re-enactment; self-destructive or accident-prone behavior; abrupt shifts in interpersonal relationship-such as a joyful response followed by an abusive response to another person when an abusive response was not justified; desires and plans to take revenge; radical changes in life attitudes, which influence identity formation; premature entrance into adulthood (e.g. leaving school or getting married); reluctance to leave home; complaints about their own body; close monitoring of parent’s responses and recovery; hesitation to disturb parent with own anxieties; concern for other victims and their families; feeling disturbed, confused and frightened by their grief responses; fear of ghosts.

When to Make an Official Report

Do you notice some of the above behaviors in children you know well? If so make the official report and do what ever is possible to help them.

Thank you for taking time to read this for the benefit of our nation’s precious children!

Respectfully,

Hope for Children Foundation

https://www.hopeforchildrenfoundation.org